Ethiopian Spices, Herbs, Roots, Oilseeds in English/Amharic - allaboutETHIO.com

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Ethiopian Spices, Herbs, Roots, Oilseeds in English/Amharic


Ethiopian Spices and Herbs


Background of Spices in Ethiopia


Ethiopia as an ancient country has its own unique tastes and cultural inclinations.

One that stands out is the Ethiopians love of spices.

Almost all the food and drinks taken by Ethiopians in their daily routine consists of one or more spices, herbs, etc.

Ethiopia’s spices have a sort of mysterious nature about them, as they are not commonly found around the globe.

The various spices, herbs and roots Ethiopians use are mostly endemic to Ethiopia and it appears as if only the Ethiopians themselves possess the key that unlocks its many benefits.

Today, with many Ethiopians living abroad, there is a large and growing market for exporting spices, as they still show an avid interest in the spices of their childhoods.


Ethiopian Spice Production


Ethiopians have been cultivating spices and herbs for a very long time now and the dedication and skill taken to prepare them is evident in the final product.

The country today produces as much as 50 spices of the 109 spices that are listed by the ISO or the International Standard Organization for Standardization.

Ethiopia is now mainly cultivating spices on a very small scale compared to her other agricultural products.

The systems are all rain fed and cultivated from the wild, hence one could say that almost all Ethiopian spices are organic.

This has helped them market their spices on the international market as the West has become very interested in healthy foods and spices.


Uses for the Various Spices and Herbs


Spices and herbs have many applications, some of which are as a natural ingredient for the food industry, as well as being used by the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries.

These spices are commonly used throughout Ethiopia for medicinal, as well as, for culinary purposes.

Ethiopians believe that the food one eats holds the key to healthy living and should be prepared and handled with care.

Some of the spices and/or herbs have specific properties that help to cure a variety of ailments.

But as with any medicine, one should conduct the necessary research before taking anything that they are not experienced with.


Blessing in Disguise for the Spice Sector


Recently, unfortunate news was heard about the banning of Ethiopian red pepper spices by the European Union.

It turned out that unscrupulous traders were adding water to the product after purchasing them from the farmers in order to have the weight increase.

The adding of water caused the level of toxins to increase, one of these toxins is known as aflatoxin.

The European Union said the spices had incredibly high levels of the toxin and returned the product to Ethiopia.

This caused a huge embarrassment for the country’s spice sector but helped to increase Ethiopia’s vigilance in protecting the quality of spices in the future.

Furthermore, companies are now negotiating directly with the farmers, in the hope that they can control the quality of the product from source to market.

Spices, Herbs, Roots, Oilseeds, Pulses, etc. in Amharic and English

Name in English Name in Amharic Scientific Name Picture

Ginger

ethiopian ginger root Zinjibil or Jinjebel Zingiber Officinale

Turmeric

ethiopian turmeric root Erd or Ird Curcuma Longa

Fenugreek

ethiopian fenugreek seeds Habish or Abish Trigonella Foenum-Graceum

Cinnamon

ethiopian cinnamon sticks and spices Karafa or Qarafa Cinnamomum Zelanicum

Garlic

two whole garlics and two cloves of garlic Nech Shenkurt Allium Sativum

Flax Seeds

two white spoons one with whole flax seeds and the other with ground flax seeds Telba Linum Usitatissimum

Peppermint

ethiopian peppermint leaf Nanna Mentha Piperita

Sesame Seeds

ethiopian sesame seeds Selit Sesamum Indicum

Fennel Seeds

ethiopian fennel seeds Ensilal Foeniculum Vulgare

Castor Seeds

ethiopian castor seeds Gelow or Glow Ricinus Communis

Aloe Vera

ethiopian aloe vera leaf Eret Aloe Barbadensis

Black Mustard

ethiopian black mustard seeds Senafitch Brassica Nigra

Rue

ethiopian rue plant Tenadam Ruta Chalepensis

Basil

ethiopian basil leaf Besobila Ocimum Basilicum

Coriander

ethiopian coriander Dimbelal Coriandrum Sativum

Paprika Pepper

ethiopian cayenne pepper powder Berbere Capsicum Annum

Black Cumin Seeds

ethiopian black cumin seeds Tikur Azmud Nigella Sativa

Ethiopian Cumin Seeds

ethiopian carom seeds Ajwain or Ajowan or Carom Trachyspermum Ammi

Chickpeas

ethiopian chickpeas Shimbra or Shembera Cicer Arietinum

Rosemary

ethiopian rosemary Rozmir Rosmarinus Officinalis

Khat

ethiopian khat leaves Chat Catha Edulis

Echinops Kebericho

ethiopian kebercho plant Kebercho Echinops Kebericho Mesfin

Vervain or Verbena

ethiopian atuch plant Atuch Verbena Officinalis

Taverniera

ethiopian dingetegna Dingetegna Taverniera Abyssinica

African wormwood

ethiopian ariti plant Ariti Artemisia Afra

Lamiaceae

ethiopian demakese plant Demakese Ocimum Lamiifolium

Indian ginseng

ethiopian gisewa plant Gisewa Withania Somnifera

Wormwood Species

ethiopian chikugn plant Chikugn Artemisia Abyssinica

Thyme

ethiopian thyme Tosign Thymus Vulgaris

Beans

ethiopian beans Bakela Phaseolus Vulgaris

Red Lentils

ethiopian red lentils Misir Lens Esculenta

Black Cardamom

ethiopian black cardamon whole and seeds Kororima or Kewrerima Amomum Subulatum

Yellow Lentils

ethiopian yellow lentils Kik Lens Culinaris

Moringa

ethiopian moringa Shiferaw Moringa Oleifera

Soybeans

ethiopian soybeans Akrui Ater Glycine Max

Oregano

ethiopian oregano Koseret Lippia Abyssinica

Niger Seeds

ethiopian niger seeds Noog or Nug Guizotia Abyssinica

Rapeseeds

ethiopian rapeseeds Yehabesha Gomen Brassica Carinata

Peanuts

ethiopian peanuts Loz or Ocholoni Arachis Hypogaea

Sunflower

ethiopian sunflower Suf Helianthus

Black Pepper

ethiopian black pepper Kundo Berbere Piper Nigrum

Nutmeg

ethiopian nutmeg Gewz Myristica Fragrans

Cayenne Pepper

ethiopian cayenne pepper Mitmita Capsicum Annuum 'Acuminatum'

Chickpea Powder with Spices

ethiopian chickpea powder with spices Mitin Shiro -

Barley (whole roasted)

ethiopian barley roasted Kolo Hordeum Vulgare

Barley (ground)

ethiopian barley ground Besso Hordeum Vulgare

Haricot Beans

ethiopian haricot beans Bolokey Phaseolus Vulgaris

Oats

ethiopian oats ground Atmit or Aja Avena Sativa

Wheat

ethiopian wheat Sinde Triticum